History of Carpet Weaving
Iran Carpet is undoubtedly one of the most manifestations of Iranian art and culture. The history of carpet weaving in Iran dates back to the Bronze Age. As the materials used in carpets including wool and cotton which decay into dust during the time, it is difficult for archaeologists to make any special discovery during the archaeological excavations. However, there are a few pieces of worn-out rugs remained from the early ages show that this carpet weaving is at least 3500 years old. These fragments do not help much to recognize the carpet weaving history and characteristic pre-Seljuk period (13th and 14th centuries AD).
Carpet weaving in Shiraz
Producing handicrafts is common in nomadic and rural areas as well as in cities of Fars province. The largest number of hand craftsmen and industries are in the group of woven fabrics such as carpet, glim and gabbeh. The main courses in Fars province are designing and painting (painting, flowering and poultry making, illuminating and classifying). Plant dyeing and the use of natural melon material in dyeing of cream and silk is the most popular in Fars province.
In Fars province, the majority of the production of glim is done by women and girls of Qashqai nomadic tribes. For waving Klim, they do not usually use the map. The maps are subjective and usually use designs that have been transmitted from previous generations. The changes in the maps are done within the same framework of customs in the region.
Carpets and Rugs:
Persian art craft is primarily the nomadic art, and in the second place is a rural art that has a nomadic affiliation. Fars tribes, especially Qashqai and Khamse, are more involved in this art than the other tribes, and villagers who live along these tribes are also engaged in the production of carpets and other handcrafts.
Gabbeh is a woven knotted carpet with long pebbles of at least one cm and numerous plies (between three to eight patches in each row) and usually coarse texture. This woven fabric is commonly used in tribes and nomads. In Qashqai Ghabeh, unlike the other parts of Iran, which is self-colored, the weaver uses different colors and roles.
This is the woven fabrics of Qashqaii nomadic. Jajim is used to cover the bed and furniture inside the tent.
In Shiraz and some other cities of Fars province, there are numerous dyeing workshops with natural plant materials which in these workshops using dye materials such as Nile, Spurk, Khoshk, Ronos and the use of teeth such as white alum, alum Black and green, dyeing cream and silk.