Basic Information about Hormuz Island
Langauage: Farsi dialect, very little English spoken on the island
Currency: Iranian Rial IRR (rates constantly changing due to inflation)
Elevation: 186 m (610 ft)
Location And History
Hormuz is located on the Straits of Hormuz, the narrows at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. The Straits have been mentioned fairly often in news over the last few decades because of their strategic importance. They are the best place to control traffic in or out of the Gulf; if someone wanted to cut off seaborne shipments of something — Gulf oil going out, arms coming to Iran, or supplies to US forces in Iraq — this is where they would do it.
In medieval times, Hormuz was the capital of its province and the province is still called Hormozgān, though the city of Bandar Abbas is now the capital. To escape Mongol attacks, one ruler shifted the capital to nearby Hormuz Island and built a town there called New Hormuz, but he soon made peace with the Mongols and moved the capital back
The island is arid, and during the summer months the temperature can rise to over 43 °C (109 °F). As such, it was not an ideal location for the capital of a principality as all provisions including water had to be brought from the mainland. Its location, however, gave the island a degree of security which let it grow to be a major trading port for several centuries. As its competitors suffered from intermittent destruction, Hormuz remained a reliable and relatively safe harborage
Things To Do
A red stone fortress left from the Portuguese colonisation of the Persian Gulf. It is located in the town so you can easily walk there from your accommodation.
The beachis sand however the hills around are a beautiful, deep red. The water is also coloured by the rocks and washes a dark red onto the shore.