Milad Tower is a multi-purpose tower in Tehran, Iran. It is the sixth-tallest tower and the 24th-tallest freestanding structure in the world. It is located between Qarb Town and the district of Gisha, standing at 435 meters from the base to the tip of the antenna. The head consists of a large pod with 12 floors, the roof of which is at 315 meters.
The tower is a part of the International Trade and Convention Center of Tehran, which also includes a five-star hotel, a convention center, a world trade center and an IT park.
The tower was first proposed as part of the "Shahestan Pahlavi" project, in Tehran's Abbas Abad district, and was designed by American urban planner Jaquelin Robertson. The site was planned to encompass five million square meters, a third of which was to be open space, and to accommodate 50,000 residents, as well as government ministries, commercial offices and a number of cultural centers, including museums, performing arts facilities and libraries. The project would have cost about $5 billion ($21 billion adjusted for inflation). The firm also employed Lisa Halaby, the future Queen Noor of Jordan. After the 1979 Revolution, the project was cancelled.
The construction of the tower was commenced in 1997. Upon completion of its 11-year-long construction in 2008, the Milad Tower was considered the fourth-tallest freestanding telecommunication tower in the world. The tower was opened a year later, in 2008, albeit numerous conflicts on the history of the tower still prevail, such as some sources suggesting that the commencement of the tower's construction was a year earlier instead of 2000 and that the tower was completed a year later instead of 2007.
The design of the project was headed by Iranian architect Mohammad Reza Hafezi. The general contractor was the company of Boland Payeh, and the main client and investor was the company of Yadman Sazeh, a representative of the Municipality of Tehran.
The tower was officially opened on February 20, 2009 by the 55th Mayor of Tehran, Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, and members of the City Council of Tehran. More than 250 local and foreign journalists were covering the event.
Structure and features
Milad Tower, with its height of about 435 metres (1,427 ft), is the tallest tower in Iran, and the sixth-tallest telecommunication tower in the world. It consists of five main parts, including the foundation, transition (lobby) structure, shaft, head structure and the antenna mast.
The lobby structure consists of six floors. The first three floors consist of 63 trade units, 11 food courts, a cafeteria, and a commercial products exhibition which is supposed to be about 260 square metres (2,800 sq ft). The first and second underground floors consist of installing sections and a data center. The ground floor is dedicated to the entrance and the gatehouse.
The shaft is a concrete structure about 315 metres (1,033 ft) high from the ground floor. Six elevators in three different sides of the shaft are used to transfer the visitors to the head of the tower at the speed of 7 metres per second (0.0070 km/s), besides an emergency staircase at the fourth side.
The head of the tower is a steel structure weighing about 25,000 tonnes and consisting of 12 floors. The top floors of the tower include a public art gallery, a cafeteria, a revolving restaurant, a VIP restaurant, telecommunication floors, mechanical floors, fire-immune areas built as a refuge zone, a closed observation deck, an open observation deck, and a sky dome.
The four-stage antenna mast is about 120 metres (390 ft) high. The lower floor of the mast is for the adjustment of public users' telecommunication antennas, and the three upper floors are dedicated to the antenna of the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting.
The complex also features a parking area of about 27,000 square metres (290,000 sq ft), a large computer and telecommunications unit, a cultural and scientific unit, a commercial transaction center, a temporary showroom for exhibiting products, a specialized library, an exhibition hall, and an administrative unit. Milad Tower has an octagonal base, symbolizing traditional Iranian architecture.